"Stop the Violence"

How One Group of Moms Is Keeping the Peace on One of Chicago’s Most Violent Street Corners

"Stop the Violence"
A mural in the Chicago neighborhood of Englewood. The group of concerned parents wants to make one thing clear: Young black men are not the enemy.

Reprinted with permission of In These Times.

CHICAGO — Safety is what everyone we talk to in Englewood wants — safety and respect from the police. They are not willing to settle for a false choice of one or the other.

On June 29, Mothers Against Senseless Killings (MASK) took a novel approach to countering bloodshed in the South Side Chicago neighborhood of Englewood, the setting of Spike Lee’s forthcoming film “Chiraq” and an area the media calls “violent,” “troubled” and “murderous.”

Six days earlier, a shooting on the corner of 75th and Stewart had killed one woman and injured two others.

Hoping to prevent retaliatory violence, the “army of moms” planted folding chairs on the southeast corner of the intersection and spent the afternoon chatting with passersby and dispensing hugs. The next day, they were there again. They plan to return daily from 3 p.m. to 7 p.m. until the public school year resumes after Labor Day. So far, there have been no shootings on their watch.

“As a mother, you will do whatever you can to protect your kids,” says MASK founder Tamar Manasseh, 37. A rabbinical student, she was raised in Englewood and has a 16-year-old daughter and a 19-year-old son. “[Even] if that means sitting out on the corner for the entire summer.”

While some other groups that use “positive loitering” as a violence-prevention strategy aim to clear the streets, MASK affirms the right of youth to be on the corner.

They need a “nonthreatening kind of engagement. … It’s all just love,” says Damani Bowden, 41, slapping the hand of a passing teenager. A Ford assembly line worker and father of three, he is one of several men who participate in MASK.

“The vast majority of these guys aren’t doing nothing wrong — nothing illegal, nothing immoral, they’re just hanging out,” Bowden says, pitching his voice to include the teenager, who is nodding. “But they have to suffer because of the perception that everybody out here is on some B.S.”

A week after MASK set up their chairs, newspapers reported something unusual: There had been no shootings in the neighborhood over the July Fourth weekend, a time when gun violence usually spikes. The previous year, there had been 10 shootings in Englewood, two within sight of 75th and Stewart.

MASK wasn’t the only group trying to keep the peace that weekend. Police worked 12-hour shifts. Target Area Development Corp, a local social-justice organization, sent 150 neighborhood recruits on round-the-clock patrols.

It’s hard to say whether the pause is significant. It was the first peaceful July 3 to 5 in Englewood since 2005. But Asiaha Butler, founder of the 5-year-old Resident Association of Greater Englewood (RAGE), points out that the media sensationalized the July 4 “miracle” as though “someone is shot every day in Englewood, which is not true.”

[Related: A Celebration of Peace in a Community Touched By Gun Violence]

In fact, there’s a murder in the neighborhood about once every nine days, and roughly once a year someone is killed within eyeshot of 75th and Stewart. Yet since the June 23 shooting, the corner has already witnessed another homicide. It was at 4:30 a.m. on July 18, long after MASK members had gone home. The victim, Jemel O’Brien, 29, lived on the block.

The neighbors, though fond of MASK, are skeptical that it has deterred crime. Most violent crimes are not committed in broad daylight. MASK members themselves have differing views: As one says the corner has grown calmer, another shakes his head.

It’s possible MASK is making an impact in another way: on the police, who keep a tight grip on the corner. Squad cars roll by every five to 10 minutes. Manasseh believes that police refrain from arresting teenagers for minor offenses when MASK is watching, which in turn keeps the kids from getting the criminal records that limit future opportunities.

“It’s still very much Alabama in the 1960s,” says Manasseh. “It’s very much an overseer, sharecropper kind of deal out here. The police have no vested interest in this community. They don’t live here; they don’t have parents that live here, or nieces and nephews. They don’t care.”

Several MASK members say the police have asked them to leave or told the corner kids not to talk to them, without giving a reason. The Chicago Police Department did not respond to requests for comment.

MASK finds itself at the intersection of two interrelated problems: the violence that frightens neighborhoods and imperils bystanders, and the policing that presumes criminality.

The Black Lives Matter movement is working at this intersection as well. When activists shine a light on police killings of young black men, they are inevitably accused of overlooking the problem of “black-on-black crime.” While this charge often emanates from white defenders of police tactics, Black Lives Matter organizers acknowledge that in order to rein in the power of law enforcement, the movement must offer a radically different vision of safety, one that does not rely on police and prisons.

Safety is what everyone we talk to in Englewood wants — safety and respect from the police. They are not willing to settle for a false choice of one or the other.

In the field of criminology, the jury is out on whether police prevent crime. Most research indicates that the threat of punishment rarely deters criminals and that putting more police on patrol increases crime reports but does not decrease incidents. Studies show that police spend 80 to 90 percent of their patrol time on non-criminal matters, such as traffic violations.

“We’ll know Black lives matter when public safety responses aren’t defined by arrests or prison admissions but by work to reduce contact with the criminal justice system in the first place,” wrote Nicole Porter of Washington, D.C.-based prison-reform group The Sentencing Project in a Huffington Post op-ed. She notes that preventive community programs like urban farming can reduce crime rates.

MASK’s work is in line with these interventions, but this kind of change takes time. What’s clear is that it has momentum: Membership has doubled from 10 to 20, residents of the block are joining the effort, and about 15 kids (the “MASKeteers”) return regularly. The group has begun hosting activities like relay races and martial arts classes at 75th and Stewart, and has expanded to another corner, with plans for a third.

RAGE’s Butler emphasizes the need for long-term efforts. “No one is going to have the magic formula to solve all of the ills of Englewood.”

“It’s about psychology, about why [kids commit crimes] in the first place,” says Manasseh. “They’ll tell you, ‘I have a record,’ and it just sounds so hopeless. And I hate to hear that in a 19-year-old kid. You have so long to live. … You want to find a job? We’re gonna go look for a job. You want to get something off your record? Let’s find a way.”

Asked if this could be called street corner social work, she laughs. “That’s a mother’s job — we’re unpaid social workers.”

This article originally appeared in In These Times.

More stories related to this one:

‘Make It Happen’ Program Offers Outlet for Youths Haunted By Memories of Violence

Lynch on Youth Violence: ZIP Code Must Not Decide Children’s Future

Bronx Teens ‘Shell-Shocked’ by New Orleans Violence

The Credible Messengers: Youth Organize to Save Our Streets

One thought on “How One Group of Moms Is Keeping the Peace on One of Chicago’s Most Violent Street Corners”

  1. She is correct. It’s a mother’s job with her community rallying behind her.

    I taught at Marshall High School on the city’s westside just after the 1968 riots. My first day in the classroom I had a burned cork bulletin board, a phone dangling from the wall, no erasers or chalk, a view of the teacher’s parking area strew with broken glass, and no textbooks for my students. My homeroom had over 25 young adults from ages 15 to 20 who were noted to have erratic attendance. My English class had many more enrolled than the lone 5 students who showed up for my first day (including two who had just completed 8 hour work shifts and slept through class).

    It was my job to turn as many of these less than hopeful students into eager learners, play vocabulary games and teach them Scrabble. I modified Shakespeare’s Hamlet for my freshman English students and they said it was one of their favorite experiences that semester. It wasn’t hard to turn their lack of confidence around. It required love, consistency, compassion and active listening skills.

    A functional society does not let any child “slip through the cracks.” Every adult who sees a child in need has a moral obligation to help as they can. What could be more comforting than knowing you, in some small way, gave a child whatever you could and helped them become a productive member of society? It was a wonderful experience.

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